Sustainable Future of Environmental Biotechnology

Mahmud Kamal Anamul Haque

Environmental biotechnology is the integration of scientific and engineering knowledge that is employed to restore a degraded environment. Environmental biotechnology gained importance and prominence in the 1980s, along with setting standards for the industry and enforcing compliance, and enforcing laws to protect the environment. Environmental biotechnology is not a new field of science. It has been there for generations and we are well acquainted with some of the old technologies such as wastewater treatment, coping, etc. It contributes to the advancement of environmental engineering.

As a result of rapid industrialization, urbanization, and other developments, the threat-free clean environment, and natural resources have declined. High consumer demand and high quality of life have been fueled by air pollution with harmful gases, polluted air in hazardous industries, the use of polluted water and pesticides, and the use of non-biodegradable products. Some of these pollutants can be easily reduced or removed by various methods, but unfortunately, some environmental pollutants are resistant to a process or stimulus and accumulate in the environment. Furthermore, treatment of some contaminants by conventional methods such as chemical degradation, combustion, or landfilling can create other contaminants, which affect the presence of large amounts of harmful wastes in the environment and determine additional considerations based on its development with alternative, economical, and reliable biological treatments.

Environmental biotechnology further defines the need for the development, use, and control of biological processes to remedy polluted environments (land, air, water) and for environmentally friendly processes, green production technologies, and sustainable development. Environmental biotechnology can be described as the maximum use of nature through plants, animals, bacteria, fungi, and algae. In addition, biotechnology can be used to effectively monitor, evaluate, model, and deal with contaminated water, air, and solid waste flows. Process modeling using environmentally polluting sources and biologically based methods is becoming increasingly important, largely due to the validity of these national strategies. The various biotechnologies available today are thus working on the sustainable use of various biological processes for wastewater, air, and solid waste management such as well-established technologies.

Environmental biotechnology (biotechnology) plays an important role in protecting biodiversity (plants, animals, and humans). Expeditions for a safer planet have created a variety of innovations to increase efficiency and promote sustainability. Various government agencies, government, and non-government organizations are currently investing heavily in environmental biotechnology.

The application of environmental biotechnology in wastewater treatment and bioremediation has not even come halfway. Future expectations of rapid improvement and development in the industry are present as more research resources are now available. Various governments around the world have developed policies to facilitate the acquisition of patents for global and efficient environmental biotechnologies. More public awareness is needed to educate different communities about the importance of using biofuels against toxic pollutants. Environmental protection is a global issue like climate change and global warming is a wake-up call.

People are now much more aware of preventing global warming. The first World Earth Summit was held in 1992 in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil with the participation of 162 countries to make the world habitable by avoiding environmental pollution. In December 1997, a landmark agreement, known as the Kyoto Protocol, was signed in Kyoto, Japan, at the initiative of the United Nations Climate Change Convention. The agreement sets out six greenhouse gas emissions and reducing emissions. These six gases are carbon dioxide, methane, nitrous oxide, hydrofluoric carbon, perfluorocarbon, and sulfur hexafluoride.

Biotechnology is creating tremendous opportunities to increase global agricultural production and is working to protect the environment by reducing the use of agrochemicals such as pesticides and fertilizers.

Biotechnology is playing an important role in achieving a beautiful environment and sustainable development using environmentally friendly crops such as insect-resistant, herbicide-tolerant species. Producing crops that can fix nitrogen and purify the environment. Global food demand is growing. On the other hand, existing land and agricultural fields have improved production and the use of modern plant breeding methods that are capable of increasing crop yields such as lemon trees to improve soil structure, organic matter, and fertility. They also play a role in conserving biological resources and preventing soil erosion. Some beneficial effects of animals have been discussed in increasing the production of the environment. Our lifestyle is constantly changing in the technological revolution. There is a huge chunk of this technology across chemical technology. Different types of industries are being developed based on different types of chemical technologies. In these industrial factories, we are making various kinds of daily necessities.

Environmental pollution is a common problem in all countries of the world. Various conferences, seminars, and agreements are being held to prevent pollution. Scientists are talking about using environmentally friendly alternative technologies. But as a result of environmental pollution, our future is becoming increasingly uncertain. Rich countries are more responsible for this uncertainty. However, no country is free from the negative effects of this environmental pollution. So, it is important to maintain the balance of the environment if we are to survive on earth. And without that, our existence can disappear from the earth.

Biotechnology (biotechnology) has already begun to assist people in every area of ​​life worldwide. The environment and biotechnology, which focuses on agriculture and nature, have made great strides in the past few years, especially in natural ways of producing crops and clearing contaminated land. With the help of environmental biotechnology, the world’s food advances will continue, food security will increase, crop production around the world will improve, damaged economies will be helped and the environment will be built as a safe and clean place for animals and humans to live.

One of the major goals of environmental biotechnology is to be able to feed the world’s growing population comfortably by 2050, especially in third-world countries, which has become a major factor in the fight against global hunger. The world is moving towards a better future with the future support of environmental biotechnology.

Author is a Managing Editor (The Environment Review) .

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