E-waste: New Threat for Civilization

Alok Acharja

With the advancement of human civilization, technology has advanced. Human life has become easier through the communication system.  Digitalization has been going on very fast.  The world has become a global village. Developed countries are using their waste management to generate energy from waste through recycling. However, developing countries are still suffering from this problem.  Waste is increasing every day in the cities which are harming the environment.  However, the biggest concern in the modern world is e-waste or electronic waste. 

Why is e-waste putting risk or anxiety?  The simple answer is that E-products are the most widespread in this ultra-modern society.  Electronics products with new facilities are coming in the market with updated facilities every day. We, the people are habituating ourselves with new products day by day. But his abandoned electronics product continues to be a waste.  This problem is manifesting day by day.  E-waste is not only a problem of our country, but over the last few years it has become a problem more or less all over the world.  I have already said that it is important to implement it with the right plan.  Otherwise it will just remain on plan, not implementation.  On the other hand e-waste will make an apex which may disturbance of civilization.

Because of our bad habits we are throwing these discarded electronics around.  Day by day it is turning into a mountain of waste.  This waste is becoming a serious threat to the environment.  According to information of 2020, 52.7 million tones of e-waste were generated worldwide in the previous year.  One-fifth of that e-waste is recycled. It is also known that in the 5 years after 2014, the world’s e-waste has increased by 21 percent.  The United Nations has warned that, by 2030, the world will have 72.8 million tons of electronic waste. 

E-waste is deadly harmful to human body and environment.  This is because abandoned electronics scatter explosives in the environment.  Asia is the largest producer of electronics waste in the world. 

As a result, accurate and practical plans have to be adopted now.  It can be said that Asian countries are in great danger with e-waste.  Lack of proper management is largely responsible for this.  The use of e-products is on the rise due to the increase in people’s income, the tendency to use new e-products, the tendency to discard them.  As usage increases, so does e-waste.  The risk is also increasing exponentially. Some countries are taking effective measures to manage e-waste in accordance with the law.  Spreading harmful substances in open space is a cause of concern for people.

As the waste of e-waste increases, so does the risk also.  The problem is that we can’t even get out of technology and overuse of technology is creating our e-waste problem.  As a result, we have to find a solution.  Recycling can be a good way to solve this problem.  It is possible to reduce the amount of e-waste through recycling in the same way that other wastes are treated through recycling.  There will be a designated place for dumping e-waste where discarded electronics products will be dumped and collected from there and reused.  The world today is a global village. Mobile phones, laptops, desktops, telephones and other modern electronics products have made our lives easier.  These discoveries have made the physical work of human beings easier today.  People are increasingly living a machine-dependent life for comfort.  These devices also have a validity period.  As a result, after this period, it is simple that new electronics products will come instead of those products.  So e-waste is increasing every day.

The use of technology products has increased 30 to 40 times in the last ten years.  A recent study by the non-governmental organization Environment and Social Development Organization (ESDO) shows that about 4 lakh tons of e-waste is being generated in the country every year.  In 2023, the amount of e-waste will be about 12 lakh tons. Very little of this huge amount of e-waste is being recycled. A report from The United Nations University in Asia shows that in the five years from 2010 to 2015, the amount of e-waste in Asia increased by about 63 percent.  They conducted research on 12 countries and found that the amount of e-waste in these five years was 12.3 million tons.  Among them, the situation in China is worst.  This is said to be of concern for the whole of Asia. 

Where is the solution for e-waste?  It is not possible to stop over a night of fashion bases life.  Along with recycling, a product needs to develop a long-term use mentality.  Nowadays, mobile phones have changed a lot more than any other device.  We are interested in buying a new one instead of repairing it. The same thing is happening with laptops or televisions or refrigerators.  To get out of here, it is important to develop sustainable products and long-term use habits.  And by recycling, the discarded products will be re-marketed and will reach the consumer for re-use.  This will slow down the growth of e-waste.  However, the most important thing is to create awareness about e-waste and its proper management because today the villages are not behind in the use of e-products.  Technology facilities have reached every corner of the village.  As a result, abandoned e-products are being dumped everywhere.  The village environment is also being polluted.  Cities are growing in the garbage of e-products.  There is no alternative now to take potential initiatives to reduce human risk by releasing this.

Author is a Teacher and Columnist, Pabna, Bangladesh

Email- sopnil.roy@gmail.com

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